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March 2024

Zada Clark headstone with Bourgin, Jantzen, Theres

(L to R) Catherine Bourgin, Linda Jantzen, and Jim Theres by the headstone of World War I Hello Girl Zada Daniels Clark in Arlington National Cemetery, with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier behind them on the hilltop. Zada is the first Hello Girl known to be buried at Arlington, though her status as a veteran is not indicated on the headstone, as she died 18 years before the Hello Girls were finally recognized as Veterans by Congress in 1977. Click the image to read more about Zada, and the ongoing campaign to convince Congress to award a Congressional Gold Medal to all the Hello Girls, the U.S. Army Signal Corps female telephone operators of World War I.

Climbing The Hills For The Hello Girls During Women’s History Month

The campaign for passage of legislation in Congress to award a Congressional Gold Medal to the Hello Girls, America's first women soldiers, continued throughout Women's History Month. Catherine Bourgin, the granddaughter of Hello Girl Marie Edmee LeRoux, chronicles some of the activities that took place in the Washington, DC area in March involving herself and other descendants of Hello Girls, as well as other supporters of the cause. Click here to read Catherine's report, and see how those working to win the Congressional Gold Medal for the Hello Girls are surmounting obstacles, and how you can join them in this campaign.

Uniformed Hello Girls at switchboard

The Hello Girls were the U.S. Army Signal Corps telephone operators in France during World War I who made critical battlefield tactical comms work effectively for U.S. and French military forces on the front lines, saving many American lives by helping bring the long war to a quicker end. But to make that international forces coordination work, the operators had to speak both English and French fluently. As the U.S. Army scrambled to find bilingual telephone operators across the nation, they got a helping hand from across the northern border. Click here to learn how many women of Canadian heritage, who grew up speaking both languages, answered the call, and helped populate the first unit of Hello Girls that went to Paris in 1917,

Hello Girls pop-up image

When the Hello Girls (of both American and Canadian heritage) returned home after WWI ended, the women who had served in U.S. Army uniforms were denied veterans status and benefits until 1977. The Hello Girls earned and deserve the recognition of a Congressional Gold Medal, and you can join Team Hello Girls in advocating for passage of the Hello Girls Congressional Gold Medal legislation in 2024. You can make your voice heard on this issue right from your computerClick here for our toolbox that makes the process of reaching out to your Representative and Senators very straightforward. You can also reach out by phone to the local and district offices of your Senators and Representative, and tell them that you want them to answer the call, and cosponsor the Hello Girls Congressional Gold Medal legislation in the 118th Congress.

Hello Girls 2024 Performance at Kennedy Center in DC

Doughboy Foundation Hosts Acclaimed Musical “The Hello Girls” One Night Only, May 7 At DC's Kennedy Center

Tickets are now on sale for the critically-acclaimed musical “THE HELLO GIRLS” which will play in Washington, DC on Tuesday, May 7th at The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, at the Terrace Theater at 7:30pm. This one-night-only performance of THE HELLO GIRLS is a staged concert produced by NYC’s Prospect Theater Company, which commissioned, developed and premiered the musical Off-Broadway in 2018. The production earned multiple Drama Desk and Outer Critics’ Circle Award nominations during its initial run.

In advance of the Kennedy Center ticketed performance, there will be a free family-friendly mini-concert hosted by the Centennial Commission and the Doughboy Foundation, performed by The Hello Girls cast, at the National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC on Sunday, May 5th, at 4:00pm (EDT). This special sneak-peek event is free of charge and open to the public.

Click here to learn more about both of these events in May.

Taps played for 1000th consecutive day at National WWI Memorial still echoes in DC

Doughboy Foundation bugler Kevin Paul plays Taps

Jay Korff of Washington, DC's ABC 7NEWS television station filed a report March 8, beginning: "Every day a bugler plays Taps at the National World War I Memorial in Washington, D.C. at exactly 5 p.m. In February, they reached a remarkable milestone thanks to a non-profit called the Doughboy Foundation. Feb.19 marked the 1000th consecutive day a bugler played that call, with 24 notes dedicated to those who serve and sacrifice."  The report goes on with a fine story on Daily Taps, exploring why it is being sounded every day, and looking at the Doughboy Foundation organization that makes it happen. Click here to read the entire article, watch Jay's video report, and view great photos of the Memorial and World War I.

Pritzker Book Giveaway

Winners of the February Drawing for a copy of Lest We Forget:

  • Steven Gardiner of Boxford, MA
  • Andrew Melomet of San Francisco, CA
  • Inez Dinwoodle of Fairfax, VA
  • Russ Richards of Johnston, IA
  • Mark Runbom of Galesburg, IL

Those who entered in February are already in the running for the March drawing. Good luck to everyone who enters!

BBC News Covers Casting of National WWI Memorial Sculpture in Chalford, UK

Sculpture work at Pangolin Studios

Sculptor Sabin Howard is spending time at Pangolin Foundry in Chalford, UK where a team is working to cast his monumental bronze sculpture that will complete the National World War One Memorial in Washington D.C. The sculpture, which will be the largest freestanding high-relief bronze in the Western hemisphere, will be shipped back to the U.S. in June, installed at the Memorial in July-August, and presented to the nation in September. The BBC visited Howard at the foundry early in March, and filed a report. Click here to read the BBC article, and view an in-depth video on the casting and completion process at the foundry.

Bugles Across Flanders: A Personal Mission Of Remembrance And Honor

Dr. P. Bradley Ulrich plays Last Post at a WWI Commonwealth cemetery in Flanders, Belgium.

Long-time professional trumpet player and music educator Dr. P. Bradley Ulrich was idly watching TV one evening at his home in North Carolina several years ago when he "stumbled upon a captivating 10-part documentary series on the history of WWI." That chance digital encounter has led to a personal mission: playing the Last Post and Rouse on an authentic WWI bugle at all the Commonwealth WWI cemeteries in the Ypres Salient, located in the West-Flanders region of Belgium. Click here to learn more about this personal musical mission undertaken to "uphold the belief that these soldiers are remembered and honored."

The U.S.S. Cyclops – Explorations On TV

Bermuda Triangle: Into Cursed Waters

Marvin Barrash, well-known expert on the Navy collier USS Cyclops that vanished during WWI, has previously written articles for the Doughboy Foundation website (see here and here). Now he has taken the story of the Cyclops to a much larger audience: the story of the ill-fated vessel was featured in episodes of the History Channel series The Bermuda Triangle: Into Cursed Waters. Barrash participated in two episodes of the series that focused on the search for the wreckage of the USS Cyclops. Click here to find out more about the search for the lost World War I ship, and Barrash's experience working with the series' production team.

ANZAC Day 2024 Observed in U.S. April 25 With Events In DC & Across Nation

ANZAC Day wreath

To commemorate ANZAC Day 2024, the Embassies of Australia and New Zealand will hold an ANZAC Day Dawn Service on Thursday, April 25 at 5:20 AM (for a 5:40 AM start) at the National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC, located at 1449 Pennsylvania Avenue NW. The Consulates-General and expat community groups of both nations will host services and events elsewhere throughout the United States on April 25. Click here to learn more about ANZAC Day, and where there will be commemorative events taking place April 25. 

Daily Taps at the National World War I Memorial

Honoring John Cosgrove & Sarah McClendon

On March 6, 2024, Daily Taps at the National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC was sounded in honor of John Cosgrove, Sarah McClendon, and other WWII veterans of the National Press Club and DC American Legion Post No. 20.

DC American Legion Post 20 traces its history to November 19, 1919, when the post was founded at the urging of WWI General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing. General Pershing was an associate member of the National Press Club. In the same year he helped found the American Legion, he also suggested a post within the Press Club. Since being chartered in 1919, American Legion Post 20 has been welcoming veterans from all branches of the Armed Forces, and continues to do so today. Joining Post 20  enables you to continue serving your country and your community.

  National Press Club and General Pershing

The Daily Taps program of the Doughboy Foundation provides a unique opportunity to dedicate a livestreamed sounding of Taps in honor of a special person of your choice while supporting the important work of the Doughboy Foundation. Choose a day, or even establish this honor in perpetuityClick here for more information on how to honor a loved veteran with the sounding of Taps.

They Did Their Bit: A Day In The Life Of A Yeomanette In World War I

Yeomanette snip

Ever heard of the Yeomanettes? These pioneering women were the first officially recognized female U.S. Navy service members. For this Women’s History Month, the History Of Life YouTube channel dives into their world, exploring what daily life was like for a Yeomanette during World War I. Click here to read more about this Women’s History Month special, and watch the video What Life Was Like in WWI: 1st Women in the Navy.

Mary Helen Fee, Teacher, Writer,
World War I Canteen Worker for the AEF

Mary Helen Fee

Mary Helen Fee was an English and History instructor who traveled to the Philippines to take up teaching duties in August 1901. Back in the United States again, in 1917 she sailed for France to take up canteen work in support of the newly-deployed American Expeditionary Forces after the United States entered World War I. Click hear to learn more about Fee's WWI service in Europe, and how she may have suffered from PTSD after returning to America when the war was over.

Granddaughter Of World War I Hero Visits Century-old Ballfield Named In Navy Cross Recipient’s Honor

McClure dedication plaque

Built in 1918 as part of the Navy’s effort to build up Naval Operating Base Hampton Roads – what’s now Naval Station Norfolk – the baseball park was known in the beginning, simply as “the athletic field.” Eventually, it got a name: the stadium was dedicated as “McClure Field” on May 4, 1944, in honor of Navy Cross recipient and World War I hero Captain Henry McClure.
Click here to learn how, all these decades later, Henry’s granddaughter Patricia McClure Romano and her husband got to visit the facility named after the WWI hero for the very first time.

“Ready”… A Title Befitting
The East Hartford, CT Doughboy

“Ready”… The East Hartford, CT Doughboy

An annual ceremony takes place on November 11 in the Town of East Hartford at the Doughboy monument called Ready. The event is held not only to pay tribute to those East Hartford volunteers who went off to fight in the “war to end all wars”, but to those who are serving and have served in many capacities in our armed forces whether on land, sea, or in the air. Ready was installed in 1929, and was restored in 2018. Click here to find out more about Ready, read about the memorial's origin and restoration, and learn of a poignant moment at the 2018 rededication ceremony.

World War I Memorial At Pittsburgh’s Obama Academy To Be Restored For 100th Anniversary

A bronze World War I memorial outside Obama Academy in Pittsburgh

A bronze World War I memorial outside Obama Academy in Pittsburgh’s East Liberty neighborhood is getting a facelift for its 100th anniversary. The memorial bears the names of more than 500 World War I veterans who were students at the former Peabody High School, now Obama Academy, on North Highland Avenue. Click here to learn more about the pending restoration work, hoped to be completed in time for a rededication ceremony scheduled for May 30, exactly 100 years after the memorial’s dedication.

History Of America’s Iconic WWI ‘Uncle Sam, I Want You’ Recruitment Poster

Uncle Sam poster

The iconic phrase, “Uncle Sam, I Want You,” has become a part of American culture, symbolizing a call to duty and patriotism. This iconic image, featuring Uncle Sam pointing directly at the viewer, was first used during the First World War and has since been turned into a rallying cry for military recruitment. Beyond its recruitment poster beginnings, the symbol has permeated several aspects of American life and has evolved over time to represent more than just a call to arms. Click here to read more, and learn how the iconic WWI image has adapted to the changing times while maintaining its core message of American identity and patriotism.

How Lessons From The First World War Could Help Ukraine In The War

Ukrainian soldiers in a trench at the front line, near Bakhmut in the Donetsk region, on March 3, 2024

"As Russia’s invasion of Ukraine enters its third year, the war’s tactics increasingly seem to match scenes from the First World War: soldiers huddle in trenches along stagnant front lines and navigate intense barrages. Beyond trench warfare, however, the Ukraine conflict resembles the strategic, operational and tactical situation faced by Allied commanders immediately prior to the 100 Days Offensive, and its lessons remain applicable to contemporary wartime political and military leaders." Click here to read John Long Burnham's entire examination of how WWI "offers several strategic, operational and tactical lessons that remain highly applicable to the Ukrainian War."

The Mystery On The Western Front

Bernt Arvid Johansson

Jocke Hallberg operates the Swedes At The Western Front website, exploring and chronicling the lives and service of men of Swedish origin who served with the U.S. Army during World War I. He recently received a 1959 book written by Bernt Johnson, a Swedish-born soldier in the 130th Infantry regiment USNG, 33rd Division, AAEF, who fought on the Western Front from August to November 1918. But the book had "a mystery inside, that I haven’t been able to sort out yet." Click here to read more, and learn about the (so far) untold story of Bernt's "best friend, Dan, who fought and fell in a very tragic way, November 10th, 1918."

How American Intelligence Was Born In The Trenches Of World War I

Air reconnaissance camera

Derek Leebaert on the via the SpyTalk website takes a look at the new book by historian Mark Stout, titled World War I and the Foundation of American Intelligence. Leebaert says that in the new book, the author "offers not only a profound work of scholarship that illuminates the origins of today’s U.S. intelligence community, but he puts this larger canvas to good use to reveal much that’s generally unknown about America’s rise to global primacy." Click here to learn more about this book that analyzes "the growing intelligence capabilities and professionalism that arose from what was all too briefly called “The Great War.” 

The Harlem Hellfighters: A Legacy Of Lasting Impact

James Reese Europe poster

The granddaughters of legendary Harlem Hellfighter James Reese Europe — Patricia Europe Pearson, Lynn Europe Cotter, and Theresa Europe — visited the Harlem Regiment Armory in New York Feb. 24, 2024. Leaders of the successor unit to the Hellfighters, the 369th Sustainment Brigade, gave them a tour of the armory. Their visit inspired a nice article on the National Guard website that looks at how the legend and legacy of the Hellfighters lives on in America. Click here to read the article, and see how, over 100 years later, their story "is spreading across mass media, reaching those who never knew about it."

The Truth About WWI “Trench Guns”

Trench Gun photo snip

During the First World War, the Winchester M1897, fitted with the M1917 bayonet, (colloquially called the “trench gun” by collectors) became perhaps the most iconic and immediately recognizable American small arm of the conflict. It is unusual, it is intimidating and from the very start was surrounded by myths, misconceptions, and mystique. Click here to learn more about what actually went on “over there” with the bayonet-tipped shotguns, and why the German foe threatened "death to any Doughboy caught with either shotgun or shotshells in their possession."

Four-Legged Fighters: A Tribute To The K-9 Corps in WWI and beyond

Pershing with Stubby

National K-9 Veterans Day was celebrated on March 13, commemorating the service and sacrifices of American military dogs. That service started in World War I, though the United States only had an unofficial canine force until March 13, 1942, when the K-9 Corps was born. Often referred to as the “unsung heroes of the battlefield,” war dogs stand beside their handlers facing danger and providing protection for thousands of men and women in combat. Click here to read more, and see how one canine hero of WWI set the standard for honor and courage among our country’s military working dogs.

Doughboy MIA for March 2024

PVT John Raniere

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Our Doughboy MIA this month is Private John Raniere. Born June 20th, 1892 in Grognardo, Italy, John Raniere came to America in 1916. Raniere was a coal miner, and entered the service on September 21st, 1917, going to Camp Taylor, Kentucky for training with Company C, 151st Infantry. He was then transferred to Camp Shelby, Mississippi and from there went overseas with the Camp Shelby June Automatic Replacement Draft on June 19th, 1918. He landed ‘Over There’ 12 days later and his final assignment was to Company H. 18th Infantry regiment, 1st Division, with whom he was killed in action July 18th, 1918. No further details are known.

Would you like to be involved with solving the case of PVT John Raniere, and all the other Americans still in MIA status from World War I? You can! Click here to make a tax-deductible donation to our non-profit organization today, and help us bring them home! Help us do the best job possible and give today, with our thanks.  Remember: A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Merchandise from the Official
Doughboy Foundation WWI Store

Bugler-Poppy Commemorative Coin

Bugler/Poppy Commemorative Coin

A great keepsake to commemorate 
Daily Taps at the National World War
One Memorial in Washington, DC.

  • A Doughboy.shop Exclusive Commemorative Coin
  • The double-sided design showcases the iconic Doughboy Bugler / Poppy design
  • Soft enamel color detailing
  • Measures 1 3/4″
  • Bronze alloy w/ nickel-silver finish

Proceeds from the sale of these items will complete the new National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the Doughboy Foundation.

Walter Wave Miguel

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of ww1cc.org


Walter Wave Miguel

Submitted by: Laurie Button {Have been researching him for 30 years - it’s a long but wonderful story.}

Walter Wave Miguel was born around 1887. Walter Miguel served in World War 1 with the United States Army. The enlistment was in 1918 and the service was completed in 1918.

Story of Service

Walter Wave Miguel (3802505) was born to Henry and Nellie Miguel in Arnolds Park, Iowa on Oct. 5, 1887. He was drafted and called into service July 22, 1918.

Wave received his training at Camp Pike near Little Rock, Arkansas before sailing for France on the Katoomba from the Port of New York Sept. 1, 1918. He was originally assigned to Company H of the 330th Infantry, but was transferred to the 5th Division’s 11th Infantry, Company L in mid-to-late October 1918.

Wave was killed on Nov. 10th by an artillery shell as the 11th Infantry fought to liberate the village of Louppy-sur-Loison during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Five other American soldiers were killed by the same blast: Pvt. Thomas Wade also of Company L (3270565—Lake City, Arkansas); Pvt. Miles G. Goleman, Company L (2660865, Greenup, Illinois); Cpl. Orval Boggs, Company L (2660977, Greenup, Illinois); Cpl. Henry Wilson Company G (736096, Jacksboro, Tennessee); and Pvt. Sherman H. Turner Company G (400196, Knoxville, Tennessee). They were initially buried where they fell but were reinterred next to each other at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery June 18, 1919. All six were repatriated and sailed back to the United States together on the U.S.A.T. Wheaton. The ship left Antwerp Sept. 21, 1921.

Read Walter Wave Miguel's entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family's Story of Service here.